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Breeding catteries
 
Some catteries go into breeding cats as a hobby or for the benefit of other cat lovers. In Australia, popular lines with cat breeders include the Burmese, Balinese, Bengal, Persian, British Shorthair, Siamese and Siberian. There are some 40 pedigreed cat breeds worldwide.

Cat breeders can directly source their stock from the native bloodlines of these cats overseas, or they may acquire them from other cat breeders with longer-established stocks. To maintain the genetic soundness of a breeding cattery, one good guideline for them is to have at least four to five unrelated breeding cats.

Cat Breeds, Breeding Catteries Australia

Cat breeders are trained in determining if a cat has "hatched" or is now gestating. They should also learn how to properly mate cats together, wean kittens from their mothers, and protect kittens from diseases and hypothermia.

Cats are known to be multifecund, or capable of carrying kittens from different fathers. They're also polyestrous, being in heat many times in a calendar year. An average heat period is four to seven days, lasting longer if no breeding occurs.

A cat gives birth around nine weeks after conception, and kittens are weaned when they're six to seven weeks old. The International Feline Federation recommends placing kittens in homes at 12 weeks old.

Some Cat Pedigrees

Burmese - round heads, large golden to green eyes and small noses. Burmese cats are shorthaired, with a velvety coat that's mostly sable brown, and occasionally cream, platinum and other colours. They're one of the friendliest breeds, playful, communicative and house-oriented.

Balinese - a playful, longhaired breed descended from the Siamese, they're more quiet, intelligent, and need less grooming. Balinese cats are of two types: the traditional apple-shaped heads, and the contemporary line which closely resembles the Siamese breed.

Bengal - a hybrid between the Asian Leopard Cat and domesticated cats, they possess the distinctive stripes and spots of the wild parent, but the behaviour of a house cat. Cats beyond the third generation are considered domesticated pets, while those closer to the original bloodline are kept for breeding only, or with specialty pet owners. Bengal breeds are quite robust and vocal.

Persian - an extremely-longhaired breed, with a thick, furry coat, round eyes, and an expressive visage. Contemporary Persians cats are rotund, with a very short nose and muzzle. Because of their coat's sheer volume, they must be washed, groomed, and brushed everyday to keep them in top condition. These cats also need frequent eye check-ups and cleaning as they mature.

British Shorthair - their round features, chubby cheeks and plush coats make them similar to teddy bears. This breed is popular in cat shows and come in many colours, traditionally deep blue, but the newest types are now in cinnamon and fawn. British Shorthairs are laidback, stable, and adaptable to indoor life.

Siamese - there are two lines, the "modern" showcase Siamese with a streamlined body, wide ears, and a thin, tapering tail, and the "traditional" type with slightly wedge-shaped heads and a more muscular, graceful body. All Siamese cats have a base coat of cream, and their dark points come in dark brown, chocolate and warm grey. They're sociable, and can bond closely to one person, but not that amenable to changes in their home environment or to strangers. Many other cat pedigrees descend from the Siamese.

Siberian - an excellent jumper with powerful legs, and a large stomach. Siberians are longhaired, and their plush coat makes them a favourite in cat shows. Their intelligence, love of play, loyalty, and preference for the outdoors makes them almost dog-like in description.

Norwegian Forest Cats - this breed is fond of the outdoors and of human company too. Their long coat is an adaptation to their native land's cold temperatures, and can come in tangerine, cocoa, and seal, with a cream to white base coat. Norwegian Forest Cats reached Australia in the 1990's.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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